India and Australia are working to both revive talks for a bilateral Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement, along the model of the Regional Economic Partnership Pact (RCEP), from which India was able to withdraw in November 2019, mainly due to concerns about market access for China. RCEP included 16 nations, including the 10-member ASEAN, China, South Korea, New Zealand, Japan, India and Australia. A notable exception to Australia-India relations has been a free trade agreement. Despite cordial relations between India and Australia, a promised free trade agreement seems unlikely, with Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull hinting after his visit to his counterpart Narendra Modi in 2017: “It could be that one draws the conclusion that the parties are too far apart to allow for an agreement at this stage.” India`s attempts to encourage foreign workers in Australia to relax the 457 visa may also have failed, as the government attempts to restrict, terminate and/or replace the visa category traditionally used by Indian computer scientists.  While India was Australia`s first major trading partner to import through the East India Company, Australia`s exports to India date back to the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, when coal from Sydney and horses from New South Wales were exported to India. As of 2016 [Update], bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to AUD 21.9 billion, after increasing from AUD 4.3 billion in 2003. Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull said australia`s and India`s $20 billion trade in both directions was “a fraction of what we should be aiming for given the many intersections between our economies.”  Trade is strongly distorted to Australia. Australia mainly exports coal, services (mainly education), vegetables for consumption, gold, copper ore and concentrates, while India`s main export products are refined petroleum, services (professional services such as outsourcing), medicines, pearls, precious stones and jewellery.  More than 97,000 Indian students wrote to themselves in Australia in 2008, representing an education export of AUD 2 billion.   Australia`s 2016 census shows that there are more migrants from Asia than from Europe. The two sides also unveiled a “common vision for maritime cooperation in Indopazifik” and signed seven agreements focusing on crucial areas such as defence and rare minerals. Prime Minister Narendra Modi held his first virtual bilateral summit on June 4, hoping to strengthen the strategic partnership with Australia amid China`s efforts to escalate aggression in the Indo-Pacific region.
The summit is also taking place amid new tensions between China and Australia over Canberra`s request for a comprehensive study of the origin of the coronavirus.  Prime Minister Scott Morrison also did “ScoMosas” and even had discussions to strengthen their military alliance at their virtual summit. A number of contracts before the independence of India or the Australian Federation are still respected, such as extradition contracts and criminal cooperation. . . .