Turkey 100 Year Agreement In Urdu Pdf

Posted on Apr 13, 2021 in Uncategorized

The “Lausanne II Conference”, which lasted three months and resulted in the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne”, signed on 24 July 1923 at the “Beau Rivage Plus” hotel in Lausanne, southern Switzerland, by the contractual partners of the victorious powers after the First World War (particularly Great Britain, France and Italy). , and the Ottoman Empire, which presided over its delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, and on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was officially divided, and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Regarding the articulation of the end of the agreement with political tensions between Turkey and certain European Union countries, observers ask: “Is there an article in international law that provides for the validity of international treaties only for 100 years?” and noted that “Germany denounced the Treaty 20 years after its signing, 20 years after its signing, 20 years after its signing?” , is it possible for Turkey to do so? It is possible here to strike a balance between the treaties of Lausanne II and the “Nanjing Treaty” that China ceded to Britain after the First Opium War, by signing the Tchenba Agreement, which is to end the first Anglo-Chinese conflict. The Treaty of Lausanne resulted in international recognition of the sovereignty of the new Republic of Turkey as the successor state of the dissolved Ottoman Empire. [3] Following the treaty, the Ottoman public debt was divided between Turkey and the countries of the former Ottoman Empire. [27] The Strait Convention lasted only thirteen years and was replaced in 1936 by the Montreux Convention on the Strait Regime. The treaty`s customs restrictions were revised shortly after follow-up. In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush resistance to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and was one of the main objectives of the British war: the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered as it became a shopping centre between East and West and a commercial and commercial centre for southern China, and in 1898 Britain gained an additional 99 years of domination over Hong Kong under the second Beijing Agreement. Mohamed Abdel-Kader Khalil, an Egyptian expert on Turkish affairs, said: “Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East is linked to the use of Turkish military capabilities in the region. This is reflected in Turkish military concentrations on the borders of Iraq and Syria and in its participation in the Red Sea through an agreement on the island of Sawken, Sudan, as well as by the Turkish military intervention in the northern Syrian town of Afrin.

In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement authorizing the re-island to China in 1997, in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was officially ceded to China, which included a series of high-ranking Chinese and British personalities. , the head of the new government in Hong Kong Tung Chee Hwa , has established a policy based on the concept of “one country, two systems” that retains the role of Hong Kong as a major capitalist center in Asia. In exchange, Turkey renounced all claims to the former Turkish territories outside its new borders and pledged to guarantee the rights of its minorities. A separate agreement between Greece and Turkey provided for mandatory minority exchanges. “These military interventions are in the context of a previous Turkish intervention in northern Iraq, with the intention of conducting combat exercises in several regional countries and signing military agreements with Arab and African countries.